Peer-Assisted Literary Strategies or PALS, is a technique in which children work in pairs, taking turns as teacher and learner, to learn a structured sequence of literacy skills, such as phonemic awareness, phonics, sound blending, passage reading, and story retelling. Children use a simple error-correction strategy with each other under guidance from the teacher.
One qualifying study reported separate outcomes for PALS in first grade. It found significant positive effects on Woodcock scales, which qualified PALS for the ESSA “Moderate” category.
No additional classroom staff needed, but on-site coaches needed.
Initial training plus in-school coaching